Fall Prevention: A Fall Risk Assessment
1.0 Contact Hour
Written by: Karen Truman, PhD
To successfully complete this course and receive your certificate, you must read the content online or in the downloadable PDF, pass the post test with a 70% or better, and complete the evaluation form by January 25, 2021.
You will only be asked to pay for the course if you decide to grade the post examination to earn a certificate with contact hours.
Corexcel is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation (ANCC).
This activity was developed by Corexcel without support from any commercial interest.
It is Corexcel's policy to ensure fair balance, independence, objectivity, and scientific rigor in all programming. In compliance with the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) we require that faculty disclose all financial relationships with commercial interests over the past 12 months.
No planning committee member has indicated a relevant financial relationship with a commercial interest involved with the content contained in this course.
Corexcel's provider status through ANCC is limited to educational activities. Neither Corexcel nor the ANCC endorse commercial products.
After completing this Fall Prevention course participants should be able to:
- Outline the characteristics and impact of falls.
- Identify components of a therapeutic environment.
- Describe several examples of successful prevention intervention tips for patients.
- Identify national and local resources and information.
This continuing education course is intended to increase the knowledge and skills of those who are called upon to care for people who are at risk of falling at home, in hospitals, long-term care facilities, or other settings. This course includes relevant information for all members of the interdisciplinary team.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one in four Americans aged 65+ falls each year; every 11 seconds, an older adult is treated in the emergency room for a fall; and every 19 minutes, an older adult dies from a fall. Falls are the leading cause of fatal injury and the most common cause of non-fatal trauma-related hospital admissions among older adults. Falls result in more than 2.8 million injuries treated in emergency departments annually, including over 800,000 hospitalizations and more than 27,000 deaths.
Many older adults experience a fear of falling. People who develop this fear often limit their activities, which can result in physical weakness, making the risk of falling even greater. Falls can change a life in an instant. One moment you are walking along quite nicely and the next moment, you slip and fall and break a bone. You go from being independent to dependent in a flash. Taking a fresh look and approach will allow you to look at prevention measures and create a safer environment for persons who are at risk of falling.
The long-term consequences of fall injuries, such as hip fractures and traumatic brain injuries (TBI), can impact the health and independence of older adults. Rehab and nursing homes are full of people who have seriously injured themselves and will not be able to return home again. Many falls can be prevented by increasing awareness and creating "fall free" zones. Everyone can take actions to protect the older adults they care about.
The vast majority of hip fractures occur after a fall. About 5% appear to be "spontaneous" fractures in which the patient feels a fracture and then falls. Falls to the side are more likely to result in a hip fracture than forward falls. People with a slower gait have less forward momentum, so when these people fall, they tend to buckle and fall to the side, making a fracture more likely. The decrease in bone mass in the elderly is also a big factor in hip fractures.